technical and fundamental

Fundamental Analysis vs Technical Analysis in Forex – Which One Should You Use?

It's a hit-or-miss to trade the Forex market without a strategy or a system.

Sure, some traders can find success in trades absent of rigorous analysis, but those who managed to work luck by their side will soon find that their winnings were short-lived.

In trading Forex, there are two approaches or schools of thought that traders generally use to add some basis for taking trades: technical and fundamental analysis.

And this post will put the two methods up against each other -- a fundamental analysis vs. technical analysis in Forex trading showdown.

After reading, hopefully, you'll be able to decide the best one to use.

Defining Technical Analysis and Fundamental Analysis

But before you understand the difference between the two approaches, you must first be able to explain them accurately and identify the elements each method uses.

Fundamental Analysis

Currency traders using fundamental analysis or FA study the factors that affect the demand and supply of currencies in the market like interest rates, GDP numbers, inflation, employment data, global risks, etc. 

Typically, fundamental analysts employ economic indicators as a basis for their trades. 

They may also pore over economic calendars to gauge what sort of information about a particular country will be publicized in a given day or week. 

Analyzing the news is also an FA activity.

economic calendar

Economic Calder (Source: FXStreet)

Technical Analysis

For those under the technical analysis sphere or TA, charts and price action is of most importance.

Technical analysts use charts to plot the exchange rate fluctuations caused by the changing demand and supply in the market.

With those charts, those who practice TA will look for repeatable patterns that put them in the most statistically favorable scenario.

technical chart

Technical Chart (Source: ForexTester4)

In a nutshell, what technical traders analyze is past data to predict the future movement of prices.

Difference between technical analysis and fundamental analysis

The overview of both analyses stated above will give you an idea of how completely different TA is from FA, but here a few essential pointers to help you understand their distinction even more.

Fundamental data is what moves the market. 

For example, traders often view a rate hike as generally positive for a particular currency.  

So, upon announcement of an interest rate increase, the price of that specific currency could soar against other currencies. 

It's the same sentiment that traders have for high CPI numbers.

Technical traders, on the other hand, believe that all information that is known or can be known about a particular asset is already in the charts.  

To help you understand this, take the news about Bitcoin's scheduled "halving" on May 2020.

bitcoin halving

Some TA traders believe that this Bitcoin event is already priced in the charts.

Since the crypto world is up to speed on most of the latest facts and rumors percolating its most popular asset, proponents of technical analysis believe that some traders have already taken action upon knowing about the Bitcoin halving.

Some point to the move from $3,300 to $12,000 this year was already the result of the market digesting the information.

Bitcoin halving pertains to the rewards that miners (those who complete the transactions on the Bitcoin network) received being reduced to half.

Here's a video explaining it:

Why Would You Want To Trade Based On Fundamentals?

Trading based on fundamentals will warrant you to analyze events or data about a country's economy that may trickle down to your trades.

You're also trying to understand what information has the potential to move the prices.

You can't say the same thing with technicals since TA doesn't cause the market to move, but instead, it predicts its course.

news trading

Why Would You Want To Read Charts?

Conversely, with technical trading, you have to have a keen eye for remembering and recognizing patterns on the chart.  

You are well aware of the fundamentals, but you ultimately rely on price action to predict how your trade will go.

You also don't have an internal dialogue of whether some news coverage will affect your trades or not, but you spot the best technical setup that has statistically done well for you.

Which Is Better Technical Analysis Or Fundamental Analysis?

There's a never-ending debate about which analysis is better.

Fundamental analysts think they're right, and believe that technical analysts are dead wrong while some traders who practice TA feel the same way about the fundamentalists.

However, most blogs and videos have offered nothing but neutral answers to the question of which is the better analysis. 

It always goes back to "whatever works for you" or "there's no right answer" and "it's what your skillset is most aligned to."


City Index was founded in 1983 and originally offered only spread-betting. In 2001, the company introduced CFD trading on its platform, and by 2014, City Index became a part of the NYSE-listed Gain Capital Group, which also has as a subsidiary. The company's headquarters are in London.

city index logo

Tips For Figuring Out If You're A Fundamental Or Technical Trader

Here's the thing: it depends on what you want to do.

If you're trading the minute timeframe chart, it won't make much sense to be engrossed in fundamental data that could affect currency prices 6 to 8 months from now.

For example, you're aware of a change in a country's political leadership, but how does that factor in a trade that you need to be out of in the next 30 minutes?

On the flip side, it wouldn't make sense either to start using technical strategies designed for the same quick trades on positions you intend to hold on to for months a time.

What analysis you use should make sense, and it must suit the
type of trader you are.

Considering your Skillset

At this point, you're probably aware of how the two ways for analyzing forex differ, but before you finish reading this article, here's a quick run-through of FA and TA to reinforce what you've learned.



Main Tool: Economic Calendar

Main Tool: Charts

Fundamental data moves the market

Aims to predict the most likely movement

Not every fundamental data may affect the trade

Believes that all information is priced in the chart

Now the question is: Which analysis is for you?

7 thoughts on “Fundamental Analysis vs Technical Analysis in Forex – Which One Should You Use?

  1. Hi,

    I really enjoyed reading your article about fundamental verses technical analysis in forex. I find the subject quite complex and wonder if you could recommend a beginners guide to forex? I think this would help me decide which is better for myself. Thanks again for a very informative article. Regards, Andrew

    1. Hi Andrew, we’re working on something like that.  We’ll have it available here as soon as it’s ready. 🙂

  2. My brother is learning about forex trading so I have picked a few things from him. As far as analysis is concerned, I understand the in technical analysis much better. Charts are much easier to read than fundamental facts, at least for me. But I too believe that both of them work. Thanks for sharing this article. 

  3. I really did not understand the concept of fundamental and technical analysis in forex. I thought that everything was still under technical analysis but now I understand the difference between the two. I feel that I put more time to reading charts and trying to predict the future than every other thing in forex because it is important. Nice explanation. Thanks

  4. It is a very good thing that you can point out the differences between the d=fundamental analysis ad the technical analysis. I didn’t know that there was any difference. You have noted some very important reasons why we would need to engage in some use of chart reading. I think it is a very technical skill in itself. Something I have been having a hard time dealing with. Thanks for the explanation.

  5. If I had to choose I would pick technical because of the charts. I maybe wrong but viewing charts through the technical aspects is where I would put my money on. But I’m sure they both have their pros and cons which you have played out. The technical aspects seems to me to Trump the fundamental side.

    1. Hi Mahasin,

      Well, as far as finding information that would directly be relevant to your trade, fundamentals( with so many stuff to be aware of) would not be much help to that.  Technicals, on the other hand, can tell you immediately if there’s a trade setup that is backed by statistical data.   Of course, there are some key economic figures that move the market that you should know about as well.

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